There is no single standard and no one-size-fits-all recipe for autism therapy, as different forms of therapy can be used depending on the individual needs of the person with autism. However, there are evidence-based practices (EBPs) that have been shown to be effective in treating autism and are often used as a basis for therapy.
The National Autism Center in the USA, a non-profit organisation, has identified 14 EBPs (evidence-based practices) for the treatment of autism. These include applied behaviour analysis (ABA), cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT), social skills training and speech therapy. The American Psychological Association (APA) has also published guidelines for the treatment of autism that recommend the use of EBPs.
In addition, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) has launched the programme “Learn the Signs. Act Early.” which helps parents and health care providers recognise the signs of autism early and get children the help they need.
However, it is important to note that while there are established EBPs for the treatment of autism, therapy should always be tailored to the individual needs of each person with autism. A qualified health professional or therapist can work with individuals and families to develop a personalised treatment plan that addresses their specific needs and goals.
Here again are a few therapies that have been shown to be helpful for people with autism:
Applied Behaviour Analysis (ABA) – ABA is a form of therapy that focuses on learning skills and changing behaviour through positive reinforcement.
Speech therapy – This form of therapy can help people with autism improve their communication skills, including verbal and non-verbal communication.
Occupational therapy – Occupational therapy can help people with autism improve their motor skills and their ability to perform activities of daily living.
Social skills therapy – This type of therapy focuses on improving social skills, including communication, social interaction and relationships.
Cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT) – CBT can help people with autism manage anxiety, depression and other emotional problems.
Sensory Integration Therapy – This type of therapy is about helping people with autism to cope with sensory processing difficulties, such as hypersensitivity or undersensitivity to certain types of sensory input.
We emphasise here again: It is important to note that therapy should be tailored to the individual needs and strengths of the individual.